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About the books...


I put years of research into documenting thousands upon thousands of spelling interchanges in the Greek inscriptions and papyri of Judea-Palestine to reconstruct the pronunciation of New Testament Greek in its time and place. You can read the almost 900-page large volume for a complete and in-depth analysis or peruse the (roughly 150-page) short volume for a concise pedagogical guide for implementing this pronunciation yourself.


How do we know how Koine Greek was pronounced?

we look at spelling interchanges ...

Look at ancient inscriptions

Inscriptions are important because they preserve the original spelling of the scribe at the time it was written.

Mark all spelling interchanges

Historical phonologists can make a record of every time a scribe spells a word differently: e.g., an English speaker might spell tough as t-u-f-f.

Look at ancient papyri

Like inscriptions, papyri also provide a window into the exact spelling of the scribe at the time of composition.

Analyze spelling equivalences

By comparing where spelling mistakes occur, we can conclude what sounds were pronounced the same: e.g., from above, we may conclude that gh = ff.

An in-depth analysis of spelling interchanges in inscriptions and papyri ...

In the large volume of The Pronunciation of New Testament Greek, we look at thousands upon thousands of spelling interchanges to determine when and how the pronunciation of Greek changed in Judea-Palestine from the Hellenistic period, in the Roman period, and through to the Byzantine period. Because of the emphasis on New Testament Greek, special attention is given to the pronunciation of Judeo-Palestinian Greek in the first and second centuries.

A careful treatment of Greek loanwords in Hebrew and Aramaic ...

Another strand of evidence for reconstructing the pronunciation of the Greek of Judea-Palestine around the time of the New Testament concerns the realisation of Greek loanwords in Hebrew and Aramaic. By seeing how certain Greek consonants and vowels came to be represented and realised in loanwords in Hebrew and Aramaic, we can get a better idea of how they were pronounced.

A Short Guide ...

Learn to pronounce NT Greek quickly!

If you are just interested in learning to pronounce New Testament Greek quickly, you should check out the Short Guide.

The short guide also contains a brief history of the pronunciation of Greek in pedagogy as well as a section on the benefits of using a historical pronunciation in learning and teaching New Testament Greek.



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